Cayman Islands profile

Map of Cayman Islands

One of the world's largest financial centres and a well-known tax haven, this British overseas territory in the Caribbean has more registered businesses than it has people.

Tourism, banking and property are big money earners, making the islands financially self-sufficient. Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1503, Grand Cayman and its sister islands, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, boast beaches, coral reefs and abundant marine life. However, Hurricane Ivan pounded the main island in 2004.

Once a dependency of Jamaica, the Cayman Islands came under direct British rule after Jamaica declared independence in 1962. Granted greater autonomy in 1972, the islands gained a high degree of self-government under the 2009 constitution but its first premier, McKeeva Bush, was ousted in a corruption scandal in 2012.

Sometimes criticised as a haven for tax evaders, in 2009 the Cayman Islands were added to a "white list" of jurisdictions using recognised tax standards. In May 2013, the islands signed agreements on sharing tax information with Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain as part of an international drive against tax evasion.


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George Town in Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands The authorities have had to enforce stricter banking regulations on the territory known as a tax haven


Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by a governor

Premier: Alden McLaughlin

Alden McLaughlin of the People's Progressive Movement (PPM) became premier after the May 2013 elections.

The PPM won half the 18 seats in the Legislative Assembly, gaining a majority when ex-premier Juliana O'Connor-Connolly joined the party and accepted the post of speaker.

She became premier in December 2012 after her predecessor, McKeeva Bush of the United Democratic Party, was arrested on corruption charges and lost a vote of confidence. A court cleared Mr Bush of all charges in 2014.


Four TV stations are on the air in the Caymans, two of them run by religious organisations. Cable and satellite offer a variety of US and international stations.


Some key dates in the history of the Cayman Islands:

1503 - Navigator Christopher Columbus sights the islands.

1670 - Spain cedes the islands, along with Jamaica, to the English under the terms of the Treaty of Madrid.

1962 - Jamaica declares independence. Caymans stay under British rule

1972 - New constitution provides for a greater autonomy.

1994 - Constitution modified.

2002 - British Overseas Territories Act grants British citizenship to all Caymanians.

2004 - Hurricane Ivan, one of the strongest Atlantic hurricanes on record, causes widespread destruction on Grand Cayman.

A Blue Iguana, one of the rarest species in the world Grand Cayman is home the Blue Iguana, an endangered reptile which was once common on the island

2009 May - US President Barack Obama singles out Cayman Islands in an attack on tax havens.

2009 August - Territory joins OECD's global "white list" of countries using internationally recognised tax standards.

2010 - British police brought in to help tackle gang-related crime

2013 - Cayman Islands sign agreements on sharing tax information with Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain as part of an international drive against tax evasion.

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